Running Ubuntu on your Chromebook

crouton, the easy way to install Ubuntu on Chromebook

Wednesday, May 22, 2013, posted by Pagenulled
Chromebook is a new type of notebook designed to help the geek get things done faster and easier. It is not just a browser. It is also a type of Linux computer. In other words, you can easily install a traditional Linux desktop a traditional alongside Chrome OS.

But installing Ubuntu on Chromebook isn’t as simple as installing the standard Ubuntu system. Thanks to David Schneider. He brought us crouton. crouton is a set of scripts that bundle up into an easy-to-use, Chromium OS-centric chroot generator. It takes advantage the Linux system underlying Chrome OS to run both environments at once and is a much slicker experience than traditional dual-booting. As crouton uses Chrome OS’s standard drivers for your Chromebook’s hardware, you wouldn't run into issues with your touchpad or other hardware.


  1. Switch to development mode. Have a look at the information from the Chromium project, because the process to enable developer mode on some models of Chromebook will vary slightly. When you transition to developer mode, your Chromebook’s local data will be lost
  2. Download crouton. You can grab the latest release from
  3. Open a shell (Ctrl+Alt+T, type shell and hit Enter) and run
    sudo sh -e ~/Downloads/crouton -t xfce
  4. Wait patiently and answer the prompts.
  5. Done! You can jump straight to your Xfce session by running
    sudo enter-chroot startxfce4
    or, as a special shortcut,
    sudo startxfce4
  6. Cycle through Chromium OS and your running graphical chroots using
    Ctrl+Alt+Shift+Back and Ctrl+Alt+Shift+Forward.
  7. If you want to exit the chroot, just log out of Xfce. You’ll need to run the startxfce4 command above to enter the chroot again.
You now have a full Linux desktop running alongside Chrome OS and can do anything that you can do with Linux.

See also this post: Install Ubuntu on your Chromebook with ChrUbuntu